By Heinz Kramer
Turkey is a longstanding best friend of the us and Europe. After the dying of the Soviet empire, Turkey's strategic value has replaced yet now not decreased. this day Turkey is dealing with a very varied international and safeguard coverage atmosphere. despite the fact that, Turkey can be present process remarkable inner swap. Many proven political truths of the Republic's seventy-five-year-long culture are more and more puzzled via a starting to be a part of its humans. notably, there's the increase of political Islam and the resultant conflict of ideologies among "secularists" and "Islamists" in addition to the controversy approximately Turkey's "Kurdish reality." Turkey's allies should reply to this improvement by way of adapting their regulations. not anything below a second look and, ultimately, a re-orientation in family members with either the U.S. and Europe is needed if Turkey is to stay anchored within the West. This ebook undertakes a accomplished review and research of Turkey's inner and exterior adjustments and gives parts of a brand new eu and American coverage towards a key strategic companion.
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Turkey is a longstanding best friend of the U.S. and Europe. After the loss of life of the Soviet empire, Turkey's strategic value has replaced yet no longer decreased. this day Turkey is dealing with a totally diverse international and defense coverage setting. even if, Turkey is usually present process amazing inner swap.
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Extra resources for A Changing Turkey: The Challenge to Europe and the United States (Studies in Foreign Policy)
After this remark a lively political debate and a wave of public speculation erupted as to whether a new military intervention was in the offing and what might be the military's immediate political intentions. 17 The statement was another confirmation of the military's strong position in the politics of the country. Yilmaz, who had been hesitant in following the army's lead in the struggle against Islamist forces for fear of problems with the religiousoriented wing of his party, had to give in.
Such a policy package could become more likely if the 1998 tax reform could provide the necessary fiscal base for such undertakings. A glance at the various government programs since the early 1990s reveals that Turkey's politicians are well aware of the necessary policies for improving the country's economic and social conditions. After taking office, however, they have been unable or unwilling to do what they promised. As a consequence, public confidence in the established political class has deteriorated, and the gap between the masses and their political representatives has considerably widened.
Some areas and institutions stand out in this respect: human rights issues, environmental issues, business associations, and, most recently, Islamic civil movements. The large group of organizations for the support of Kemalism that have become more lively during the recent battle between secularists and Islamists are of a somewhat mixed character because many are sponsored by the state although formally they are civil associations. The public-oriented activities of the main human rights organizations, the Turkish Human Rights Association (Türkiye Insan* Haklari* Dernegi*, or IHD* and the Turkish Human Rights Foundation (Insan Haklari Vakfi*, or IHV*, which have been able to attract international support, have contributed considerably to public awareness of human rights violations in Turkey.