By Sheldon Anderson
In a chilly battle within the Soviet Bloc, Sheldon Anderson makes use of lately declassified files from Polish and East German communist get together and overseas ministry files to ascertain the interaction of nationwide pursuits with the exigencies of communist occasion family members in the Soviet bloc throughout the chilly battle. Anderson explores how Polish-East German relatives have been strained over the permanence of the Oder-Neisse border, the right kind street to socialism, German repatriation from Poland, and exchange coverage; he presents an inside of account of the heated debates that heavily divided the Polish and East German communists.Anderson delves into how and why the rift culminated within the go back of the anti-Stalinist Wladyslaw Gomulka in October 1956, and he delineates how the Polish-East German clash undermined the cohesion of the Soviet bloc on its such a lot strategic flank. In doing so, he unearths the endurance of nationalism and ethnic prejudice within the former communist nations. during this well timed textual content, Anderson pinpoints how nationalism has reemerged as a robust political strength following the tip of the chilly conflict. With a chilly battle within the Soviet Bloc, Anderson markedly fills the space within the current scholarship on postwar kin among the international locations of East Europe.
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Extra resources for A Cold War in the Soviet Bloc: Polish-East German Relations, 1945-1962
There was much truth to Stalin" analogy likening crrmmunism in Poland to a saddle on a cow. The pantheon of communist founders did not i,nspi,re the patriotic, Catholic, m d often anti-Smitic Poles; Marx was a German m d a few, and Lenin was a Russian. With the exception of Rosa Luxemburg, Poland 11ad not produced promine~~t comanunist leaders. I:,uxemtnurg was a Jew and committed internationalist, even to the point of opposing a Polish state. 3 The Polish Socialist Party's (PPS) nationalist appeal outflanked the KPP for suppwt arnung the Polish.
347. 38. Quoted in Sikora, Sclziall'stiscfzeSolihritGf zirtd r2afio~~aIe I-ttferessetz,pp. 101-102. 39. See G b s ttidu from May 2945 to April 1946, 40. See, for example, G2os Ludu, Bctt3ber 22, 4946, p, 2. The newspaper carried just ; t o small articles on the victory of SPD in Berlin and the SE132 in the rest of the %>vietzone, 41. See C2os tudu, April 23,1946, p. 2. In this issue was a small article from the TASS news agency titled jf"Pc>gressin the Work of German Dernocracyn";ee ~XISCJ Gtos Lzadu, April 25, 46946.
Because the KPD and the SPU were bitter enemies during the Weimar period, the KPD initially spzlrned cooperdion with the WD. The Soviet occupation authorities forced the KPD and SPD to form the Socialist Unity Party (SEU) fn April 1946. The other parties fn the anti-fascist Natiolzal Front, the CDU m d the ZJRP, were also coopted. After the elections of October 1946, in which the SED fared poorly in competi"cion with the SPD in Berlin, the Soviets no longer dlowed h e elections in its zone* The Soviets did not immediately hand.