A Small Town in Syria: Ottoman Hama in the Eighteenth and by James Reilly

By James Reilly

Celebrated for its historical water wheels, town of Hama is found on Syria’s longest river, the Orontes. Ottoman Hama was once a stopover at the significant north-south highway of Syria in addition to the guts of a neighborhood financial region of its personal. Intertwined social networks associated townspeople to the peasants and pastoral nomads of Hama’s hinterland. through the early 20th century a number of elite and amazing households had come to dominate the political and financial lifetime of Hama and its outlying villages, atmosphere the level for the city’s dramatic access into Syrian nationwide existence throughout the French Mandate and post-colonial classes. established largely on neighborhood judicial documents, this e-book is a social heritage of Hama over the last centuries of Ottoman rule. It examines the social and monetary buildings that outlined people’s lives and that conditioned their participation within the historic alterations of the eighteenth and 19th centuries. Dramatis personae contain women and men, commoners and notables, retailers and artisans, and others who, taken jointly, symbolize a cross-section of a center jap society as they entered the area of worldwide markets, eu empires, and sleek states.

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Celebrated for its old water wheels, town of Hama is found on Syria’s longest river, the Orontes. Ottoman Hama was once a stopover at the significant north-south street of Syria in addition to the heart of a neighborhood monetary area of its personal. Intertwined social networks associated townspeople to the peasants and pastoral nomads of Hama’s hinterland.

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Dissertation, New York University, 1986). g. judicial oversight of ‘Alwani family awqaf in LCR Hama 46:381, doc. 682, 6 Sha‘ban 1214/ 4 Jan. 1800. 44 In this way notable lineages reproduced and renewed their association with particular religious or charitable institutions over a number of generations. The principal ashraf family endowment in late eighteenthcentury Hama was that of the scholar and businessman ‘Abd al-Qadir al-Kaylani (d. 1744). 46 The properties near Damascus were farmlands in the Ghuta (Damascus oasis) villages of Kafr Batna and Bayt Sawa.

LCR Hama 46:189, doc. 423, 22 Rajab 1208/ 23 Feb. 1794; 53:288, 28 Dhu al-Qa‘da 1268/ 11 Sept. 1852. g. two cases nearly 100 years apart: LCR Hama 42:408, doc. 809, ghurrat Jumada II 1165/ 16 April 1752; 53:38, 11 Rajab 1266/ 23 May 1850. Inheritance documents provide numerous examples from different decades. LCR Hama 42:335, doc. 684, awasit Dhu al-Qa‘da 1144/ 10 May 1732; 46:240–241, doc. 524, 21 Jumada I 1211/ 22 Nov. 1796; 53:7, 25 Dhu alQa‘da 1265/ 12 Oct. 1849. LCR Hama 46:241–242, 20 Jumada I 1211/ 21 Nov.

28 In the decades that followed, descendants and relatives of these ‘Azms continued to occupy a prominent place in Hama’s society. The most illustrious of the ‘Azms, As‘ad b. Isma‘il (d. 1757), served as district governor of Hama before becoming governor of Damascus. His brother, Ibrahim Pasha (d. 1746), served as governor of Tripoli, Hama’s outlet to the Mediterranean. Both As‘ad and Ibrahim forged enduring ties to Hama,29 which served as an economic and agricultural hinterland to 26 27 28 29 32 The Ottoman government established these advisory councils in the 1840s as part of its Tanzimat administrative reform program.

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