Agricultural Development in Tanganyika by Hans Ruthenberg

By Hans Ruthenberg

In early 1961 the Ho-Institut fur Wirtschaftsforschung (Ho-Institute for fiscal learn) tested an "African stories Centre" with the aid of the Fritz-Thyssen-Foundation to behavior examine into the commercial and political difficulties of constructing international locations, with spe cial connection with the African countries. by way of investigations into thestructure and clients of improvement within the constructing nations, the stories Centre will goal at contributing in the direction of the production of a actual basis, at the foundation of which the Federal Republic's strengthen ment coverage could be performed successfully. during this "age of improvement" the social and fiscal sciences are faced with manifold projects. In fixing those, interdisciplinary co operation will turn out useful or even crucial, if improper and slim decisions are to be refrained from. Co-operation among scientists and institutes engaged in numerous branches of analysis will make attainable a greater und er status of the advanced useful courting which verify fiscal occasions and their mutations outdoors Western business society than will be in most cases completed by way of an remoted method. clever total financial making plans, for instance, calls for technological research simply up to an exact wisdom of social constitution or actual context. At this element the economist needs to co-operate heavily with the engineer if he needs to prevent wasting his method in most cases styles of development. For, "des lors que nous parions (du developpement) en quantites globales, nous ne parions de rien" (LoUIs ]OSEPH LEBRET).

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According to an estimate made in 1954, they account for 25 per cent of the total agricultural product. The Report of the World Bank indicates that 35 per cent of the market supply Table 7. Type 0/ Farm by Predominant Activity (1958) Type Number of Farms cereals . sisal . coffee ranches mixed farming tobacco oilseeds sugar tea pyrethrum seed beans kapok. papain. wattle . rubber. cinchona. not specified 155 151 132 106 105 60 52 30 25 21 19 19 10 Total 898 7 1 1 4 Note: According to the census, these 898 farms constitute 75-85 per cent of the non-african farms.

D) Mixed Farming on Ukara An exceptional and noteworthy case is the organization of land use on Ukara 1_4. This is an island in Lake Victoria, situated some miles north of Ukerewe. Its total area is 29 square miles and, according to ROUNCE & THORNTON it receives 56 inches of rainfall, according to PATERSON 60-70 inches. Its population in 1962 was about 18,000. Before World War One, according to the "Deutsches Kolonial Lexikon" (Vol. III. 1920, p. 569), the population was 23-28,000. Less than half of the area is cultivated, or is suitable for cultivation.

1 This chapter is mainly based on information provided by ROUNCE & THORNTON, LUNAN & BREWIN, MALCOLM, PATERSON, RATSEY (see bibliography). 2 See also: Agricultural District Book, Regional Agricultural Office, Mwanza. 3 East African Medical Survey, Annual Reports 1951, 1952, & 1953. 4 Two visits by the author in 1963. 5 In the other example of mixed farming, the coffee-banana farms of the Wachagga, the leading crop is a permanent one. 6 According to ROUNCE & THORNTON the harvesting is done in January/February.

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