By Barbara C. Allen
In Alexander Shlyapnikov, 1885-1937: lifetime of an outdated Bolshevik, Barbara Allen recounts the political formation and positions of Russian Communist and alternate unionist, Alexander Shlyapnikov. As chief of the Workers’ competition (1919–21), Shlyapnikov referred to as for exchange unions to grasp workers’ mastery over the economic climate. regardless of defeat, he persisted to recommend targeted perspectives at the Soviet socialist venture that offer a counterpoint to Stalin’s imaginative and prescient. Arrested throughout the nice Terror, he refused to admit to fees he suggestion illogical and unsupported through facts. in contrast to the traditional ancient and literary depiction of the previous Bolshevik, Shlyapnikov contested Stalin's and the NKVD's build of the appropriate occasion member. Allen carried out large learn in records of the Soviet Communist social gathering and mystery police.
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Shlyapnikov suspected that she had made up the entire story in order to escape him, so he expressed his anguish to her: I still very much love you and want to keep you as a friend. I do not want to extinguish this beautiful feeling and I cannot bear to see and feel that you are now killing this love towards me, and only in service of some preconceived notion of ‘inability to unify love and work’. 15 Rarely did he express in writing such wounded emotions; his typical tone in letters to her was calm, slightly humourous and business-like.
16 Inexpensive copies circulated among workers. 17 He wrote in order to improve his capabilities as a worker-intelligent and, more practically, to garner income when no factory work was available. But his primary 15 rgaspi, f. 134, op. 4, d. 7, ii. 1–3, 15 June 1913. 16 Gorshkov 2009, p. 143. 17 His articles in Prosveshchenie were published under his real name, but in some articles for Metallist, he used a pseudonym. These articles (see the Bibliography below) were later incorporated into his book, Po zavodam Frantsii i Germanii.
1, d. 12, i. 1, letter from Shliapnikov to an unidentified person about hosting Lenin and French workers on 21 May 1911. 8 Revolutionary socialists often referred to the ‘masses’, the meaning of which could vary. Sometimes it meant all those who engaged in manual labour. At other times, it meant only factory workers who were socialists. 9 Shliapnikov 1919c, p. 1. Emigration And The Revolutionary Underground 41 While Shlyapnikov was becoming closer to Lenin politically, he romanced the socialist feminist, Alexandra Kollontai (1872–1952).