By Jay Winter
Lengthy prior to Rwanda and Bosnia and the Holocaust, the 1st genocide of the 20th century happened in Turkish Armenia in 1915. The essays during this assortment research how americans discovered of this disaster and attempted to assist its sufferers. wisdom and compassion, besides the fact that, weren't sufficient to forestall the killings, and a poor precedent was once born in 1915. The Armenian genocide has haunted the U.S. and different Western nations through the 20th century.
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Extra resources for America and the Armenian Genocide of 1915
I, p. 80. 50 With the Japanese attack on China in 1937, a genocidal menace entered China together with the invading army. On 13 December 1937 Japanese troops entered Nanking, the Chinese capital. With an intensity that shocked even those familiar with the savagery of war, the Japanese soldiers who entered Nanking attacked the Chinese civilian population in an orgy of destruction. The “Rape of Nanking” was to take its place among the massacres not only of the century, but of modern times. When the Japanese entered Nanking the total Chinese population was estimated at between 600,000 and 700,000, of whom 150,000 were soldiers.
26 Sir Martin Gilbert I visit the Armenian quarter there, conscious of this link: that even the Holocaust had an Armenian aspect. There is another Armenian aspect: three Armenians have been awarded the Medal of the Righteous by Yad Vashem, the Holocaust museum and memorial in Jerusalem, for helping to save Jewish lives during the Holocaust at the risk of their own lives. 58 In 1951 the United Nations Convention for the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (known as the Genocide Convention) came into force.
Captive Poles, Serbs, Russians, Czechs were murdered by their captors as if they were vermin, and were characterized as such – called “sub-human” – as were the 6 million Jews whose destruction was part of a deliberate genocidal plan (which failed, but only just failed) to destroy all the Jews of Europe. Both the Jews and the Armenians have survived as a people, but it has taken both of them decades for their numerical strength to return to what it had been before the destructions. In the year 2000 the Jews have just reached the numbers – some 15 million – which they had reached in 1939, just as the Armenians – 7 million in 1915 – have only just reached, after eighty-five years, their earlier figure.