By Halil Inalcik
This significant contribution to Ottoman historical past is now released in paperback in volumes: the unique unmarried hardback quantity (CUP 1995) has been generally acclaimed as a landmark within the research of 1 of the main enduring and influential empires of recent occasions. The authors offer a richly targeted account of the social and fiscal historical past of the Ottoman sector, from the origins of the Empire round 1300 to the eve of its destruction in the course of international conflict One. The breadth of variety and the fullness of insurance make those volumes crucial for an knowing of latest advancements in either the center East and the post-Soviet Balkan international.
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Extra resources for An Economic and Social History of the Ottoman Empire, vol. 1, 1300-1600
The most recognizable feature of the trace italienne was the bastion, which produced the star-shaped outline characteristic of early modern fortification. The bastion was a low wedge-shaped tower projecting from the outer wall of the fortress. The angled faces of a bastion allowed gunners on neighboring bastions to have a clear field of fire in front of the tower, eliminating the dead ground where previously defensive fire could not be brought to bear. The long faces of the bastion provided more space to mount guns.
This is due in part to the nature of the building trades in the Ottoman empire. Specialized technical knowledge was the provenance of specific craft guilds, and as such may have been kept as a secret among the masters. European experts may have served the Ottomans, but they too left no written traces. 77 Narrative sources are equally vague on the details of fortress construction. E. 78 Fındıklılı Mehmed Ağa writes only that the architects of the empire were gathered under the mimar-i hass, and construction began at an auspicious moment.
78 Fındıklılı Mehmed Ağa writes only that the architects of the empire were gathered under the mimar-i hass, and construction began at an auspicious moment. He adds that the fort they built was 300 ells in length and width, and was constructed with great care and in a short time. Nothing is said of the number of men working on the fort, nor of the design or armaments. More emphasis was placed on who commanded the fort than the process of construction. Constructing a fully-bastioned fort was enormously expensive.