An Introduction to Quantum Optics : Photon and Biphoton by Yanhua Shih

By Yanhua Shih

Entrance hide; commitment; Contents; Preface; Acknowledgments; writer; bankruptcy 1. Electromagnetic Wave conception and dimension of sunshine; bankruptcy 2. Coherence estate of Light-The nation of the Radiation; bankruptcy three. Diffraction and Propagation; bankruptcy four. Optical Imaging; bankruptcy five. First-Order Coherence of sunshine; bankruptcy 6. Second-Order Coherence of sunshine; bankruptcy 7. Homodyne Detection and Heterodyne Detection of

Chapter eleven. Quantum ImagingChapter 12. Two-Photon Interferometry-I: Biphoton Interference; bankruptcy thirteen. Two-Photon Interferometry-II: Quantum Interference of Chaotic-Thermal gentle; bankruptcy 14. Bell's Theorem and Bell's Inequality dimension; again cover.

Electromagnetic Wave thought and dimension of LightElectromagnetic Wave idea of LightClassical SuperpositionMeasurement of LightIntensity of sunshine: Expectation and FluctuationMeasurement of depth: Ensemble usual and Time AverageCoherence estate of Light-The country of the RadiationCoherence estate of LightTemporal CoherenceSpatial CoherenceDiffraction and PropagationDiffractionField PropagationOptical ImagingA vintage Imaging SystemFourier remodel through a LensFirst-Order Coherence of LightFirst-Order Temporal CoherenceFirst-Order Spatial CoherenceSecond-Order Coherence of LightSecon. Read more...

summary: entrance hide; commitment; Contents; Preface; Acknowledgments; writer; bankruptcy 1. Electromagnetic Wave conception and size of sunshine; bankruptcy 2. Coherence estate of Light-The nation of the Radiation; bankruptcy three. Diffraction and Propagation; bankruptcy four. Optical Imaging; bankruptcy five. First-Order Coherence of sunshine; bankruptcy 6. Second-Order Coherence of sunshine; bankruptcy 7. Homodyne Detection and Heterodyne Detection of sunshine; bankruptcy eight. Quantum conception of sunshine: box Quantization and dimension; bankruptcy nine. Quantum thought of Optical Coherence; bankruptcy 10. Quantum Entanglement.

Chapter eleven. Quantum ImagingChapter 12. Two-Photon Interferometry-I: Biphoton Interference; bankruptcy thirteen. Two-Photon Interferometry-II: Quantum Interference of Chaotic-Thermal gentle; bankruptcy 14. Bell's Theorem and Bell's Inequality size; again cover.

Electromagnetic Wave thought and size of LightElectromagnetic Wave idea of LightClassical SuperpositionMeasurement of LightIntensity of sunshine: Expectation and FluctuationMeasurement of depth: Ensemble common and Time AverageCoherence estate of Light-The kingdom of the RadiationCoherence estate of LightTemporal CoherenceSpatial CoherenceDiffraction and PropagationDiffractionField PropagationOptical ImagingA vintage Imaging SystemFourier rework through a LensFirst-Order Coherence of LightFirst-Order Temporal CoherenceFirst-Order Spatial CoherenceSecond-Order Coherence of LightSecon

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One should keep in mind that if multifrequencies are involved, interference among different frequency modes and consequently temporal coherence must be taken into account. 18 are those terms with x0 = x0 when taking into account all possible realizations of the field with random values of ϕ(x0 ) − ϕ(x0 ). The expectation value of the intensity at x, I(x, t) , turns out to be a trivial sum of the sub-intensities from each sub-source at x0 : b/2 I(x, t) = −b/2 a2 (x0 ) dx0 r2 b/2 dx0 Ix0 (x). , I(x, t) ∼ constant (in space and in time) when x is not too far from the optical axis.

In certain observations, such as the measurement of a bright thermal source, a measurement may involve more than enough number of subfields for taking account all possible phases randomly distributed between 0 and 2π . In this case, the measured instantaneous intensity could be indistinguishable from its expectation value within the finite response time of the photodetector. We now introduce the concept of time-averaged intensity I(t) T . 50) t− T2 where T is the integral period. What is the relationship between I(t) and I(t) T ?

And E. , 2002. , Classical Electrodynamics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1998. 1 Coherence Property of Light In this section, we introduce the concept of coherence. What do we mean when we name a radiation coherent or incoherent? For instance, what is the physical reason for us to consider a discharge tube radiates incoherent light, but a laser radiates coherent light? We will start our discussion from the simple model of radiation we have introduced in Chapter 1. To simplify the discussion, we consider far-field measurements on a radiation, which comes from a point source that contains a large number of point sub-sources, such as trillions of atomic transitions.

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