By Mark Walker
This a paperback version of Professor Walker's full-scale exam of the German efforts to harness the commercial, army and political energy of nuclear fission among 1939 and 1949. The ebook explains sincerely, in phrases that the non-specialist can comprehend, what was once concerned with the Germans' quest, and in what methods the German scientists succeeded or failed within the improvement of 'the bomb'.
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This a paperback version of Professor Walker's full-scale exam of the German efforts to harness the commercial, army and political strength of nuclear fission among 1939 and 1949. The booklet explains in actual fact, in phrases that the non-specialist can comprehend, what was once enthusiastic about the Germans' quest, and in what methods the German scientists succeeded or failed within the improvement of 'the bomb'.
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Extra resources for German National Socialism and the Quest for Nuclear Power, 1939-49
Any uranium machine, whether composed of enriched uranium and water, or natural uranium and a more effective moderator, could also be used to produce highly-fissionable transuranic elements and thereby nuclear explosives. In practice, research on uranium machines or isotope separation was also research on nuclear weapons. 125 on Mon Dec 24 07:56:38 WET 2012. 003 Cambridge Books Online © Cambridge University Press, 2012 24 Lightning war 25 three basic problems for the realization of nuclear power: an effective neutron moderator, isotope separation, and uranium machines.
These developments were unexceptional for the time. Much, if not most of the lightning war and subsequent German occupation was financed by the plunder of Europe. But not only were these developments unexceptional, they were not new. Belgians in particular must have felt a mild sense of deja vu in 1940 when they saw the second German occupation of their country within a generation. The actions and attitudes of German scientists during the lightning war closely paralleled those of a quarter century before.
Hanle also pointed to the cause of Bothe's and Peter Jensen's pessimistic results. In order to measure the impurity content, the Heidelberg physicists had reduced part of the graphite to ashes. But whereas Bothe and Jensen had assumed that neutron-absorbing impurities would not be lost during this combustion, Hanle showed that such a loss was very likely. 37 Even though Hanle remained outside of the nuclear power project, he nevertheless sent his results to Army Ordnance, where they were put to good use.