By Committee on Industrial Technology Assessments, Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems, Nat
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Extra info for Industrial Technology Assessments: An Evaluation of the Research Program of the Office of Industrial Technologies
Html CROSSCUTTING PROGRAMS 25 • the development of process control methodologies, including process measurements, intelligent control algorithms, and reliable process models, to enable the transition from environmental-level (energy transport) to insitu-level (material behavior) controls • the development of techniques and control architectures for using multiple, disparate process models in a cohesive and integrated way • the development of technology for process optimization and the plantwide integration of process controls • the evaluation of open-architecture control systems for large-batch and continuous processes typical of IOF industries • the development and implementation of machine learning and adaptive controls Criteria for Identifying and Prioritizing Research and Development The panel recommended that OIT focus its research on the development of process sensors and control technologies that address the needs of the IOF industries.
The program has been well managed, with effective integration of program elements—from basic research through production scale demonstrations—and good coordination of program goals and responsibilities among funding and research organizations. Program Management In the panel’s judgment, the ORNL intermetallics program has been a successful science and technology development program for a number of reasons. These include consistent and continuous funding (since 1982); effective Copyright © 2003 National Academy of Sciences.
The industry developed a technology road map, which was published in June 1997 (Aluminum Association, 1997). Subsequently, a road map to address one of the industry’s most pressing needs, the development of inert anode technology was published (Aluminum Association, 1998) (see Figure 4-1). The aluminum team has issued proposal solicitations for fiscal year (FY)98 and FY99 through DOE for research that addresses the needs identified in the road maps. Chemicals The chemicals industry, represented by the American Chemical Society, the American Institute of Chemical Engineers, the Chemical Manufacturers Association, the Council for Chemical Research, and the Synthetic Organic Chemical Manufacturers Association, published its vision document in December 1996 (ACS, 1996).